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Albany RCV ballot 2022 photo

Sobre el Voto Preferencial

El voto preferencial (o RCV, por sus siglas en inglés) es una reforma simple que puede traer grandes beneficios a nuestro sistema electoral. Modificar la manera en que emitimos nuestros votos puede mejorar el funcionamiento de nuestra democracia en varios sentidos.

El RCV permite a los votantes ordenar los candidatos en una elección en orden de preferencia en vez de seleccionar a solo un candidato.

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MANTENTE ACTUALIZADO

sobre los esfuerzos para incluir el RCV en la boleta electoral en toda California.

A medida que se ve lo que hace RCV, la cantidad de personas que votan con RCV se ha disparado, con más de 11 millones de votantes votando con el voto preferencial en los EEUU.

Y el RCV está siendo adoptado en más lugares cada día. Aquí en California, San Francisco, Berkeley, Oakland y San Leandro ya han estado usando RCV por más de una década. Palm Desert, Eureka y Redondo Beach recientemente adoptaron RCV o incluso han comenzado a usarlo. Los votantes de Maine y Alaska ya adoptaron el sistema para sus elecciones estatales, y la Ciudad de Nueva York lo usó en su primaria Democrática por primera vez en 2021.

Tenemos muchos datos sobre cómo se desempeña en California, en todo el país y hasta el mundo. La evidencia indica claramente que RCV proporciona un gobierno más representativo y eficaz.

Preguntas frecuentes

¿Por qué cambiar la forma en que votamos??

Changing from single-choice voting to Ranked Choice Voting makes elections fairer, less divisive, more representative, and are less expensive than running multiple elections to select a majority winner. Ranked Choice Voting has been in the United States for decades. There are no barriers to Ranked Choice Voting under federal law or the U.S. Constitution and it is widely used in cities and states and across the political spectrum.

¿Cómo funciona el conteo de votos?

In single-winner races, if no one gets more than 50%, RCV allows an “instant run-off” to occur automatically. After everyone’s first-choice votes are counted, whoever is in last place is eliminated and votes are counted again. If your first choice gets eliminated, your vote goes to your next choice. It’s just like an in-person runoff: if your favorite doesn’t make the runoff, you have to choose someone else – your next favorite. But with RCV, it’s instant, without the expense and hassle of voting again. Rinse and repeat until someone gets a majority (more than 50%) of the votes. In multi-winner races (for example, an at-large city council), Proportional Ranked Choice Voting works like single-winner RCV but with one key addition: instead of one candidate winning with a majority of the votes, several candidates win with smaller shares. It’s straightforward for voters: Rank candidates in order of choice. Voters can rank as many candidates as they want, without fear that doing so will hurt their favorite candidate’s chances. Ranking backup choices will never hurt a voter’s favorite candidate. Candidates who receive a certain share of votes — the “threshold” — are elected based on the number of open seats. For example, if there are three seats to fill, any candidate who gets more than 25% of the vote earns a seat. Excess votes (those above the threshold) are then counted for the voters’ second choices, ensuring that no votes are wasted. After excess votes are distributed, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated. Votes for the defeated candidate are then allocated to voters’ second choice candidate. Rinse and repeat until all seats are filled.

¿Por qué debo clasificar a los candidatos?

More choice = more power! Even if your favorite candidate doesn’t win, you still have a say in who’s elected. You can vote your conscience without worrying that you’re wasting your vote or helping a candidate you don’t like. Ranking a 2nd, 3rd, etc. choice will never hurt your favorite candidate.

¿Tengo que clasificar a todos los candidatos??

It’s up to you how many candidates to rank. Your vote is most powerful if you rank multiple candidates, but your vote will still count if you only rank one or a couple of candidates. If you choose not to rank multiple, you have no backup choices when your top candidate(s) are defeated. But your vote still counts if you only rank one candidate. ​ It’s up to you how many candidates to rank. Your vote is most powerful if you rank multiple candidates, but your vote will still count if you only rank one or two candidates. If you choose not to rank multiple candidates, you have no backup choices if your top candidate(s) are defeated. (It’s the same as abstaining from a runoff and staying home). But your vote still counts if you only rank one candidate, for as long as they remain “alive” in the race.

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