Not typically. Compared to a two-round runoff system (i.e., holding two separate elections), it can be much less expensive. For public elections in California, RCV requires voting equipment certified by the state. There is currently only one vendor with this certification. As such, there can be an upfront cost associated with switching to RCV. However, there are often long-term benefits and cost savings. Before Oakland adopted RCV, their auditor’s office stated, “the city of Oakland will save approximately $463,997 each year by eliminating June elections for candidates.”
With respect to Complexity, most voters find it very intuitive to rank candidates:). Voter education and experience with RCV ballots make the process even more seamless. Election administrators can be wary of new systems at first, but given (1) 50 cities and two states have been using RCV successfully; (2) there is certified election hardware and software to support it; and (3) numerous organizations such as the Ranked Choice Voting Resource Center, FairVote, and the California RCV Institute exist to support them, it is an ideal time to make the transition to RCV elections.